Impact of September 11, 2001 Events on Substance Use and Mental Health in the New York Area [open pdf - 2MB]
This report examines the potential effects of the September 11 events on substance use and substance abuse treatment, mental health problems and treatment, and religiosity in the New York area using data from the 2000 and 2001 NHSDAs. The primary focus is on two specific areas: New York City (NYC) and the New York Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (NY CMSA). For comparison purposes, the report also looks at trends in a composite of several other Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas (C-CMSA) consisting of the cities and surrounding areas of Los Angeles, Chicago, and Detroit. Of interest is whether the events of September 11 were associated with changes in the prevalence of substance use or mental health problems in these areas. Because the terrorist acts occurred just prior to the beginning of the fourth quarter of 2001, data collected in the first three quarters of 2001 can be combined and compared with data collected in the fourth quarter. To account for any seasonal effects on these within-year comparisons, the 2000 NHSDA is also used for comparison since the survey in 2000 was almost identical to the one fielded in 2001. Analyses were done by age and gender.