When a disaster occurs, it is the responsibility first of the local community and then the State to respond. Often, their combined efforts are not sufficient to cope effectively with the direct results of the disaster. This situation calls for Federal assistance to supplement State and local efforts. The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, Public Law 93-288, as amended, authorizes the President to provide such assistance. Assistance is coordinated through the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). This guide explains the portion of the law that provides Federal grants for infrastructure recovery through the Public Assistance (PA) Program. Potential recipients of this funding include State and local governments and certain types of Private Nonprofit (PNP) organizations.
FEMA Publication 322