This article examines some little-addressed aspects of weapons proliferation - the phenomenon of widespread Russian military criminality and the extent to which the Russian military plays a role in the black and gray conventional arms market. In particular, while noting a pattern of systemic Russian armed forces criminality associated with conventional arms trafficking, the article addresses several Russian military organizations most closely involved with nuclear and chemical weapons and considers their roles as potential vectors for WMD diversion. Major topics addressed include The Russian Criminal Environment and the Armed Forces and The Russian Military and WMD Proliferation. The author concludes that the Russian military's role in weapons proliferation - and that of other lesser-examined FSU successor state militaries and security forces as well - will be a substantial consideration in the development of stability and peace in the Central Eurasian region and beyond. Of special importance, these developing military-criminal linkages may represent one of the greatest WMD proliferation dangers, a potential that increasing numbers of Russian official spokesmen are acknowledging.
Airpower Journal (Special Edition 1996), v.10, p.17-24