Maximizing the Effectiveness of Residential Smoke Detectors Through a Free Community Smoke Detector Program [open pdf - 330KB]
"This research project evaluated the factors that impact the success of smoke detectors in providing early warning for occupants of residential fires so that evacuation can be accomplished and lives saved. The problem was that fire death in residential occupancies in the United States remains one of the highest among all industrialized nations. The purpose of this applied research paper was to determine to what extent are the residential communities of Moraga and Orinda protected by smoke detectors and whether the Moraga-Orinda Fire Protection District (District, MOFD) can improve the level of protection. The research employed was both evaluative and action. The research was evaluative through the utilization of a community survey, the results of which were compared to national statistics and trends. The research was action research in that the information gathered was applied in a real-world context through the implementation of a smoke detector program. The research questions to be answered were: 1. Are there citizen groups that need smoke detectors, and how does the District identify them? 2. Are smoke detectors within the District optimally utilized through sufficient number, proper location and in operational working order? 3. How can the District effectively and economically implement a smoke detector installation program? The principal procedure utilized a survey to determine the age, location, testing and replacement of smoke detectors within the communities of Moraga and Orinda. The survey was sent via a Fire District newsletter. The data collected was utilized to identify and address specific smoke detector deficiencies in the communities."
United States. Federal Emergency Management Agency, Learning Resource Center: http://www.lrc.fema.gov/