Workshop Proceedings for USAF Institute for National Security Studies: Combatting Fissile Materials Smuggling Workshop #5, Held in Dublin, California, 3-4 February 1998 [open pdf - 10MB]
In February 1998, the Air Force INSS sponsored the fifth workshop entitled, Combatting Fissile Material Smuggling. This Workshop permitted more than 60 representatives from government, academic, and private industry to exchange information regarding the status of fissile material smuggling: evaluation of the severity of the threat and apparent lull in activity, discussion of domestic programs designed to prevent or counter fissile material smuggling, technical aspects of the prevention of nuclear smuggling, international cooperation and training to deter nuclear smuggling, and response programs. A key element in the successful defense against nuclear smuggling is international cooperation. The relative balance between threats resulting from terrorist groups and rogue nations using nuclear weapons vs. biological chemical weapons was debated, and one conclusion was that sufficient attention has not yet been paid to the biological threat.