The National Guard's mission is continually transforming and must do so to stay viable and meet the Nation's needs. The National Guard's mission of Homeland Security may include the war on drugs, defense against terrorism on high-value targets, and border security for our national, territorial, and state borders. In view of the tragedy on 11 September 2001, the National Guard's mission, under the auspices of homeland security, is continually expanding without significant additions in manpower or operating funds. Doing more with stable or decreasing resources requires innovative thinking to effectively perform these expanded missions. The use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and drones could provide state-of-the-art technology to offset the manpower drain. Further, because it has a stable workforce to provide research data, the Air National Guard is an ideal organization for testing unmanned aerial vehicles and drone surveillance technology.