The past ten years, in the absence of a peer threat, have focused on technology and capitalizing on efficiencies. The prospects for future operations as part of the War on Terrorism, the continued refinement of the Interim Brigade, and the decision to imbed combined arms at some level within the Objective Force present unique challenges and opportunities. Recent events suggest that the United States Army ought to explore ways to increase effectiveness by addressing substantive organizational change in its current heavy brigades. This monograph proposes such a look. It seeks to answer the question of whether the U.S. Army should restructure heavy brigades into standing combined arms organizations.