Information Operations   [open pdf - 1MB]

This Strategy Research Project proposes designation of a single entity within the federal government to provide strategic guidance across the breadth of the nation's elements of power. It would coordinate and improve the security of the nation's critical information infrastructure, which is essential for the survival and prosperity of the United States. A review of the recent terrorist activities in the United States and the declaration of war against global terrorism revealed U.S. weakness in its ability to protect itself internally against terrorist activities. Area shortfalls include a lack of structure and policy and, in some cases, organizational structure that is focused on Homeland Defense. The U.S. also revealed an inability to protect its citizens, its physical infrastructures, the nation's economic structure, and critical information infrastructures. Numerous policies regarding domestic terrorists have been written and debated, but shelved. On 11 September 2001, America witnessed terror firsthand in a well orchestrated attack that ripped and tore the economic and military fabric of its foundation. This event has prompted U.S. leaders to take a serious look internally at securing the liberty and prosperity of the nation's foundation. This paper will define Information Operations as it relates to securing the U.S. critical information infrastructure. It will review relevant Presidential Decision Directives, as well as regulatory and policy guidance and joint publications doctrine for guidance to Information Operations (IO); analyze challenges to the system; and discuss using the office of Homeland Defense to strategically organize IO. It concludes with recommendations to enhance the security of the nation's critical information infrastructure.

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