The prominence of rail transit and the large number of passengers who rely on this service ensure that security is a fundamental responsibility. To promote improved security capabilities at the nation's rail agencies, the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) has incorporated security as part of its State Safety Oversight Rule. This Rule covers all rail transit systems that receive federal funding and are not regulated by the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA). The FTA's State Safety Oversight Rule was prepared in response to section 3029 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA), which directed FTA to issue regulations requiring that states oversee the safety and security of Rail Fixed Guideway Systems (RFGS). The enactment of Section 3029 reflected the growing concerns of Congress regarding the potential for catastrophic accidents and security incidents on rail transit systems; it was subsequently codified into the Federal Transit Act at 49 U.S.C. section 5330.
2003 National Academy of Sciences.