Speed Hump Impacts on Emergency Response Times Eugene Fire and Emergency Medical Services [open pdf - 137KB]
"Ensuring effective and timely response of resources to emergencies is a basic responsibility of the fire service manager. This applied research project examined the issues around placement of speed humps on city streets and their impacts on emergency response. The problem was that with the significant increase in requests for traffic calming devices, no comprehensive analysis of the impacts of speed humps on fire department response had been done. Without this hard data, it was difficult to establish guidelines and policy regarding placement of speed humps based on relevant local information. The purpose of this research was to collect and evaluate information regarding traffic calming devices, specifically vertical speed 'humps' that impact emergency response. That information was then used to create a guideline for fire service managers and city staff to help address requests for traffic calming devices. The research reviewed current city traffic calming issues and considerations, identified response time impacts utilizing time and distance trials, and the need for policy definition related to identified needs. The research project employed action research to answer three research questions: What standards and guidelines exist in the city of Eugene for placement of speed humps? What impacts do speed humps have on emergency vehicle response? What would be appropriate internal guidelines for processing requests for traffic calming devices?"
United States. Federal Emergency Management Agency, Learning Resource Center: http://www.lrc.fema.gov/