Development of Simple Rapid Damage Assessment Procedures for Prediction of Needed Emergency Response for Disasters that Occur Without Warning [open pdf - 135KB]
"For the past several years, the Board of Fire Commissioners of Hopewell Township Fire District #1 had been commissioning research of their district to determine the hazards they face and had assessed the resources they currently have to protect those hazards. The product of the above research has shown that human resources are very scarce, often at critical times such as during daytime hours, Monday through Friday. The problem that was identified by the Union Fire Company and Rescue Squad which serves Fire District #1 was that no procedures currently in use could assist a fire officer with limited disaster experience in quickly determining the resources needed to stabilize the life threatening situations which would be faced in the immediate aftermath of an unplanned disaster. This will be a critical factor to reduce the deaths and injuries which result when such emergencies occur. The purpose of this research project was to develop a simple procedure to quickly determine the resources needed during any disaster by using action research to answer the following questions: 1. What indicators have been used to predict the number of casualties which could be anticipated during a disaster? 2. What are the key features of an effective, rapid damage assessment tool, the primary purpose of which is to determine immediate life safety resource needs? 3. What simple procedures should be used to determine resource needs utilizing a rapid damage assessment tool?"
United States. Federal Emergency Management Agency, Learning Resource Center: http://www.lrc.fema.gov/