Immigration-Related Document Fraud: Overview of Civil, Criminal, and Immigration Consequences [January 23, 2009] [open pdf - 170KB]
"In order to enter or remain in the United States and be eligible for various immigration-related benefits, non-citizens (aliens) must comply with a number of document requirements under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). Attempts to circumvent these requirements are generally prohibited. Under the INA, an alien who uses, acquires, or produces fraudulent documents for immigration-related purposes may be subjected to civil penalties and denied certain immigration benefits. Additionally, certain fraudulent actions may carry criminal penalties under both the INA and the United States Criminal Code. This report discusses the primary civil, criminal, and immigration-related penalties associated with immigration-related document fraud. It does not discuss criminal statutes generally penalizing fraud or identity theft (other than 18 U.S.C. § 1028), though these statutes could also potentially be used to penalize immigration-related document fraud. Immigration reform was an active issue during the 110th Congress. Some legislative proposals contained provisions modifying the scope or penalties of laws restricting immigration-related document fraud, and it is possible that proposals addressing immigration-related document fraud will be introduced in the 111th Congress."
CRS Report for Congress, RL32657