"The Department of Defense (DOD) should challenge the assumption that it must prepare to perform all stability lines of operations as a 'core mission' as specified in Directive 3000.05 and subsequent Army operations doctrine FM3-0 because it does not have sufficient resources to accomplish all the assigned tasks on its own. Instead, DOD should focus on its strengths--providing civil security and control--and work to create conditions for civilian counterparts to operate more effectively on the ground to fill the gap. This requires general purpose forces (GPFs) to focus on security-related tasks, while a 'specialized training brigade' is created to institutionalize DOD capabilities to train foreign military, police, and border guards. Without investing significantly more in the capacity for supporting governance and economic and infrastructure development, DOD can mitigate risk by adopting more innovative ways to employ civil affairs (CA), other non-GPFs, and by leveraging Africa Command (AFRICOM) to build whole-of-government approaches. In fact, AFRICOM can be the laboratory, testing the whole-of-government approach in stability operations. Finally, DOD can partner with the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), its private sector partners, and others in industry to fill the gap. This requires DOD to determine new ways to manage contractors in high-paced operational environments."
Military Review: https://usacac.army.mil/CAC2/MilitaryReview/
Military Review (March-April 2009), p.23-32