Peacekeeping/Stabilization and Conflict Transitions: Background and Congressional Action on the Civilian Response/Reserve Corps and other Civilian Stabilization and Reconstruction Capabilities [February 5, 2009] [open pdf - 318KB]
"The 111th Congress will face a number of issues regarding the development of civilian capabilities to carry out stabilization and reconstruction activities. In September 2008, Congress passed the Reconstruction and Stabilization Civilian Management Act, 2008, as Title XVI of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (S. 3001, P.L. 110-417, signed into law October 14, 2008). This legislation codified the existence and functions of the State Department Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization (S/CRS) and authorized new operational capabilities within the State Department, a Civilian Response Corps of government employees with an active and a standby component, and a Civilian Reserve Corps. [...]. Since July 2004, S/CRS has worked to establish the basic concepts, mechanisms, and capabilities necessary to carry out such operations. [...]. In June 2008, Congress specifically provided $75 million for S/CRS and USAID S&R activities, including the establishment and implementation of the civilian response capabilities, in the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 (H.R. 4642, P.L. 110-252). Among the issues that the Congress will face regarding the development of civilian capabilities are the level of staffing and funding for S/CRS, and the means to develop, support, maintain, and deploy the civilian response and reserve corps. These initiatives were intended to enhance the United States' ability to function effectively on the world scene in the environment created by the terrorist attacks on the United States of September 11, 2001 (9/11)."
CRS Report for Congress, RL32862