Central Asia's Security: Issues and Implications for U.S. Interests [February 25, 2009] [open pdf - 875KB]
"This report discusses the internal and external security concerns of the Central Asian states. […] The Central Asian region--bordering regional powers Russia, China, and Iran--is an age-old east-west and north-south trade and transport crossroads." The Central Asian states include Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. "Security concerns faced by the states include mixes of social disorder, crime, corruption, terrorism, ethnic and civil conflict, border tensions, water and transport disputes, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), and trafficking in illegal narcotics and persons. The Central Asian states have tried with varying success to bolster their security forces and regional cooperation to deal with these threats. The United States has provided assistance for these efforts and boosted such aid and involvement after the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, but questions remain about what should be the appropriate level and scope of U.S. interest and presence in the region."
CRS Report for Congress, RL30294