This CRS report discusses U.S. concerns and policy responses to Iran. "President Obama has said his Administration shares the goals of the previous Administration on Iran, but the Obama Administration officials is formulating strategies and approaches to achieve those goals that differ from those of the Bush Administration. First and foremost, according to President Obama, the Administration is looking for opportunities to expand direct diplomatic engagement with Iran. This was put in practice with a message to the Iranian people by President Obama marking Persian New Year (Nowruz), March 21, 2009, and a statement on April 8, 2009 that the United States would consistently attend multilateral meetings with Iran on its nuclear program. His Administration also appears to be de-emphasizing potential U.S. military action, although without ruling that out completely, and is not promoting efforts to promote democracy in Iran. Yet, there is debate among experts over whether such shifts would yield clearer results. The policy decisions come as Iran enters its run-up to June 12, 2009 presidential elections, which, now that a key reformist, Mir Hossein Musavi has entered the race, might produce more moderate leadership in Iran."
CRS Report for Congress, RL32048