Global Peace Operations Initiative: Background and Issues for Congress [April 15, 2009] [open pdf - 483KB]
This Congressional Research Service (CRS) report discusses the Global Peace Operations Initiative. From the Summary: "The 111th Congress may consider extending funding for the Global Peace Operations Initiative (GPOI), the centerpiece of the Bush Administrations efforts to prepare foreign security forces to participate in international peacekeeping operations. GPOI was established in mid-2004 as a five-year program with intended annual funding to total $660 million from FY2005 through FY2009. The primary purpose of the five-year program was to train and equip 75,000 military troops, a majority of them African, for peacekeeping operations by 2010. In October 2008, the National Security Council's Deputies Committee approved a five-year renewal of GPOI's mandate, which the Obama Administration affirmed once it took office, according to the State Department. […] Congress has tended to view the concept of the GPOI program favorably, albeit sometimes with reservations. Over the years, the State Department has addressed various congressional concerns. A June 2008 Government Accountability Office (GAO) report (GAO-08-754) responded to a congressional request to investigate several points. Among them were (1) the extent to which contributing and participating countries maintain records and databases; (2) the quality and sustainability of the training of individuals and units; (3) the extent to which those trained are equipped and remain equipped to deploy in peace operations; (4) participating countries capacity to mobilize those trained; (5) the extent to which trained individuals are deployed; and (6) the extent to which contractors are used and the quality of their results. The committee also requested an assessment of whether GPOI was achieving its goals."
CRS Report for Congress, RL32773