This report discusses Zimbabwe's political and economic climate including the political situation. "With official inflation having risen to a level at which prices doubled in less than 24 hours, Zimbabwe's economy continued its collapse in early 2009, and the outlook for its people remained grave. A regional mediation effort between the Zimbabwe government and the opposition in the wake of a 2007 assault by police on government critics had resulted in some changes to laws regarded by many as repressive prior to the country's first harmonized elections, which were held on March 29, 2008. Human rights activists argue that the changes were cosmetic and that the talks failed to create a level playing field prior to the elections. Significant reports of political violence followed the elections, and a presidential runoff election, held in June, failed to alleviate the country's political crisis. Subsequent negotiations in South Africa resulted in a power sharing agreement in September 2008, but the agreement was not implemented until February 2009, when a new coalition government was formed. Initial economic reforms by the new government appear to have stemmed Zimbabwe's runaway inflation rate, but significant challenges to the country's recovery remain."
CRS Report for Congress, RL32723