This CRS report provides an updated analysis of the situation on the ground in Afghanistan. The three main issues discussed include: post-war governance, security, and U.S. Policy. More specifically the report states that "U.S. and outside assessments of the effort to stabilize Afghanistan are increasingly negative, to the point where some senior U.S. officials say they are not sure the effort is 'winning.' These assessments emphasize an expanding militant presence in some areas previously considered secure, and increased numbers of civilian and military deaths. Both the official U.S. as well as outside assessments increasingly point to Pakistan's failure to prevent Taliban and other militant infiltration into Afghanistan as a cause of the security deterioration. The Bush Administration has concluded several recent reviews of U.S. strategy, and has made actionable recommendations to the incoming Obama Administration, which is expected to favor greater emphasis on Afghanistan and to revamp U.S. strategy. There appears to be little clear consensus on a new strategy, although most U.S. officials and commanders agree that U.S. strategy must go beyond adding U.S. troops to include enhancing non-military steps such as economic development and improved coordination among international donors, building local governing structures, and reform of the Afghan central government. The Bush Administration also increased direct U.S. action against militant concentrations inside Pakistan."
CRS Report for Congress, RL30588