Combating Youth Violence: What Federal, State and Local Governments Are Doing to Deter Youth Crime, Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, Second Session, October 3, 2006 [open pdf - 3MB]
From the opening statement of Mark E. Souder: "This is actually the second hearing our subcommittee has had this year on the topic of gangs. The first focused on illegal immigrant gangs and was over on the East Coast, while today's hearing focuses on the problem of gangs and youth violence in general and what government, community groups and private citizens should do and are doing to discourage crime and prevent young people from being caught up in the culture of violence and despair. For many people, where the subject of gangs is raised, particularly in expressions of popular culture, images of Los Angeles streets come to mind. Fair or not, the city and its surrounding communities are at times associated with gangs, particularly the 'Bloods' and the 'Crips' from the 1970's onward. And as immigration-legal and illegal-swells the numbers of adolescents in this country, the southern California gang picture is becoming more diverse, as violent gangs like Mara Salvatrucha-MS-13-and the Latin Kings take root. A 'gang' has been defined as 'a group that forms an allegiance based on various social needs and engages in acts injurious to public health and safety.' More broadly speaking, gangs of crime-prone young people are more likely to form in areas that are blighted economically and where healthy community ties of family, school, culture and religion are weak." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Jesse Jackson, Robert B. Loosle, Danny Trejo, Ronnie Williams, Jerald Cavitt, Regina Scott, Charlotte Jordan, Dan Isaacs, Eddie Jones, Clyde W. Oden, Leroy D. Baca, Mark Souder, and John A. Torres.
Serial No. 109-265
Government Printing Office, Congressional Hearings: http://www.gpoaccess.gov/chearings/index.html