"The attacks of 11 September 2001 did not fit the popular paradigm of terrorist attack. No one expected U.S. Armed Forces to fight their next war on U.S. soil. The author describes steps U.S. Army, Pacific in conjunction with federal, state, and local governments and agencies are taking to deter or respond to terrorism in the Hawaiian Islands. JRAC-HI worked with state civil defense to develop a civilian version of the military's force-protection condition rating system for use in civilian communities. Within 30 days of 11 September, Hawaii established a color-coded system that the Office of Homeland Security used as the model to develop the national Security Alert System. What is being done in Hawaii is a microcosm of what Director of Homeland Security Tom Ridge is facing on a national scale."
Military Review (May-June2002), p.2-7