"The current state of affairs in Sri Lanka presents the United States and the international community with several key challenges. Chief among these is how to help the government of Sri Lanka to win the peace now that it has won the war against (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam)LTTE forces in the field. Many observers feel that the manner in which the post conflict period is addressed will have a great impact on the degree to which the grievances of the Tamil minority can be put to rest. A policy that would address these grievances is perceived by many to be more likely to avert a resurgence of conflict than one that ignores or exacerbates them. Another key challenge is how to recast foreign aid to assist those in need and those displaced by the civil war."
CRS Report for Congress, RL31707