Report to Congress Regarding the Terrorism Information Awareness Progam: In Response to Consolidated Appropriations Resolution, 2003, Pub. L. No. 108-7, Division M, Subsection 111(b): Executive Summary [open pdf - 30KB]
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is charged with conducting research and development for the Department of Defense (DoD). By doing so, DARPA furnishes DoD with leading-edge technologies to help the department execute its critical national security mission. DARPA often produces prototype systems for conducting experiments that address the urgent needs of DoD. If successful and appropriate, such prototype systems would be transitioned into operational use by executing agencies of the government. Terrorism Information Awareness (TIA) is such a prototype system/network. It is a research and development program that will integrate advanced collaborative and decision support tools; language translation; and data search, pattern recognition, and privacy protection technologies into an experimental prototype network focused on combating terrorism through better analysis and decision making. A TIA-like system/network could provide the defense and intelligence communities with tools and methods to solve many of the problems that have been identified in the aftermath of the attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001, and that are related to improving information analysis in our continuing war against terrorism. Five major investigation threads are currently being pursued as a part of TIA and are driving much of the development and experimental activity in the TIA program. These five threads are: secure collaborative problem solving, structured discovery with security, link and group understanding, context aware visualization, and decision making with corporate memory. The DoD has expressed its intention to address privacy and civil liberties issues squarely as they arise, in specific factual and operational contexts and in full partnership with other Executive Branch agencies and the Congress. The protection of privacy and civil liberties is an integral and paramount goal in the development of counterterrorism technologies and in their implementation. If these technologies can be developed, the privacy and civil liberties issues noted above would have to be carefully considered and resolved in advance of deployment.