Post Office and Retail Postal Facility Closures: Overview and Issues for Congress [July 23, 2009] [open pdf - 256KB]
"In common parlance, 'post office' is used to refer to a wide variety of facilities operated by the United States Postal Service (USPS). […] Regarding one category of its facilities, the USPS announced in May 2009 that it was considering the closure of 3,105 of its 4,851 post office branches and stations. […]Since the original announcement, the USPS has indicated that the number of possible closures may be more than 3,200. This report provides (1) information on this recent announcement; (2) historical data on the number of post offices and other retail postal facilities; (3) an explanation of the legal authorities relevant to retail postal facility closures; (4) a review of the retail postal facility closure processes, including data on public appeals of closures, and H.R. 658's proposed alterations to the processes; and (5) a concluding discussion that suggests observations and possible issues for Congress."
CRS Report for Congress, R40719