Sudan: The Crisis in Darfur and Status of the North-South Peace Agreement [Updated July 16, 2009]   [open pdf - 304KB]

Recent developments: "In June 2009, the U.S. Special Envoy to Sudan, Scott Gration, organized a Forum, focused on the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), with the National Congress Party (NCP) and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM). Participants included representatives from regional and international organizations as well as officials from Europe and Africa. The NCP and the SPLM also participated in Trilateral talks to resolve a number of outstanding issues. The second round of the Trilateral talks took place in Khartoum in mid-July 2009. In Washington, the NCP and the SPLM agreed to implement the decision of the Abyei Arbitration Tribunal as final and binding. The parties, however, failed to agree on a number of other issues, including on the recent census results, representation of Southern Sudan in the civil service, and visiting right of suspected military camps outside the ceasefire zone. There were also disagreements related to the wealth sharing provision of the CPA. On July 22, 2009, the Abyei Arbitration Tribunal (AAT), seated at the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) in The Hague, will issue its final decision. The decision will clarify whether the Abyei Boundary Commission (ABC) exceeded its mandate. The Abyei issue was referred to the Tribunal in July 2008 because the NCP refused to implement the decision of the Abyei Boundary Commission's decision, which was issued in July 2005."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, RL33574
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