"The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) continuously strives to improve the delivery of disaster assistance to states and local governments. This Flood Hazard Mitigation Handbook for Public Facilities (Handbook) assists those entities directly affected by natural catastrophic events and Presidentially-declared disasters by providing various ideas for mitigation measures, These measures are intended to help identify options and mitigation ideas for local jurisdictions that can be used at any time, not only after a disaster. FEMA is charged to provide the focal point of disaster response at the Federal level. FEMA's mission to reduce loss of life and property caused by natural disasters is accomplished through a comprehensive emergency management program. Before a disaster strikes, FEMA provides funding and technical assistance for a range of preparedness and mitigation activities. One example is floodplain management, of which FEMA has several programs that provide incentives for communities to reduce future flood risks."
United States Federal Emergency Management Agency: http://www.fema.gov/