Civil Preparedness: A New Dual Mission: U.S. Defense Civil Preparedness Agency Annual Report 1972   [open pdf - 8MB]

"In the late 1950's and early 1960's, 'civil defense' became a household term. To nearly everyone it meant preparation to cope with the effects of attack. For a long time it brought to mind hardhats and CD armbands. The image was World War II vintage. Civil defense has come a long way since then. Today, 'civil defense' really is preparedness to meet a full range of emergencies and disasters in peacetime as well as providing preparedness against the effects of nuclear attack. Today, we face a new world-with new needs and new responsibilities for the public safety. In the complex world of today, civil preparedness must become more and more an essential element of our society. It must be useful every day, and not just a standby program, to be used in the event of an enemy attack. The way toward readiness for any eventuality is to prepare every U.S. community as fully as possible to meet the dangers of peacetime disasters. This also lays the solid foundation for emergency operations in event of an enemy attack. In time, 'civil preparedness' is expected to become a household term-replacing 'civil defense' in the American consciousness as a more meaningful and tangible expression of the responsibility of Federal, State, and local government for the safety and protection of the public. In recognition of the greater need for preparedness to meet the full spectrum of disaster, the President's Office of Emergency Preparedness and the Office of Civil Defense (now the Defense Civil Preparedness Agency) agreed in early 1972 to an expanded role for the Office of Civil Defense (OCD) in assisting local governments plan and prepare for peacetime disasters, and act when they occur."

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