"These Standards for Civil Defense and Disaster Preparedness have been developed jointly by local, State, and Federal civil defense professionals. They are provided as an aid in implementing the major new emphasis of civil defense and disaster preparedness for the 1970's. This new emphasis aims at improving the ability of local governments to act swiftly and effectively to save life and preserve property if the community is threatened or hit by any kind of emergency or disaster-whether a peacetime emergency or enemy attack upon the United States. This requires making effective, coordinated use of all assets available to the community, from the executive talents of its top officials; to its police, fire and other forces; to its ambulances, hospitals, and medical professionals; to shelters to protect its citizens. This in turn requires a new emphasis on people and training. These Standards should be used in training new local CD Directors or Coordinators at special workshops, in providing additional training for experienced Directors, and in on-site assistance or conferences at the community level. The Standards are also intended for use by local Directors in analyzing the level of readiness of their community, as a basis for making improvements. Each State should also bring the Standards to the attention of county commissioners, mayors, and city managers-both individually and at meetings of their associations. It should be stressed that both the Department of Defense and the States are doing everything they can to help local governments to improve their readiness for emergencies-but that success depends, in the last analysis, on the support given by local chief executives."
United States Emergency Management Institute: http://training.fema.gov/EMIWeb/edu/