"In June 2009, the conservative New Democracy (ND) party, in power since 2004, experienced losses in the elections for the European Parliament and it is having to respond to the consequences of an economic downturn that may be prolonged. Kostas Karamanlis, who is ND's leader and Greece's Prime Minister, continues to advocate for economic reforms to enhance growth and create jobs. The government's foreign policy focuses on the European Union (EU), sometimes strained relations with Turkey, reunifying Cyprus, resolving a dispute with Macedonia over its name, other Balkan issues, and sustaining good relations with the United States. Greece has assisted with the war on terrorism, but is not a member of the U.S.-led coalition in Iraq and has a limited presence with NATO in Afghanistan."
CRS Report for Congress, RS21855