While nuclear, chemical, and biological weaponry all fall within the general classification of WMD; until very recently, nuclear weaponry has dominated planning and discussion. Today, however, it is increasingly recognized that chemical and particularly biological weapons represent much more credible threats in the hands of terrorists than do nuclear ones. This current planning is directed against all weapons of mass destruction (WMD), which include technological as well as specifically chemical and biological activities. This article will focus on a plan for biological and chemical weapons that should be distinguished from the approach to a plan for all other technological threats. While the United States skills in planning to combat nuclear weapons and other technological weapons have been practiced throughout the cold war, our skills in beginning to comprehend and meet the threats of chemical and biological warfare on a domestic level have only recently begun to be developed fully.
Military Law Review, v.164, June 2000, p. 135-154