Pandemic Influenza Preparedness and Response Planning: Guidelines for Community Corrections   [open pdf - 460KB]

"Influenza pandemics have occurred throughout history. They are caused by viruses that have not previously infected humans and to which people have little or no immunity. Pandemics happen when a virus mutates so that it is able to infect humans and spread rapidly and sustainably from person to person. [...] On June 11, 2009, the World Health Organization (WHO) raised its pandemic alert level to Phase 6, officially declaring the first pandemic of the 21st Century. Beginning in mid-March 2009, when respiratory illness caused by the novel H1N1 influenza virus, the ―'Swine Flu', occurred in the Mexican State of Veracruz, the outbreak quickly spread to the United States and the rest of the world. [...] The CDC cautions that the course and impact of this pandemic is uncertain; the novelty of the H1N1 virus means that most people have no immunity to it, and, although the virus responds to some antiviral medications, as yet there is no vaccine. Scientists and medical professionals are watching the progression of the pandemic, conducting research, and attempting to develop an effective vaccine in time to minimize the impact of succeeding waves of H1N1 outbreaks. The ultimate toll of this pandemic remains to be seen."

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