CeaseFire: A Public Health Approach to Reduce Shootings and Killings   [open pdf - 607KB]

"The bloodshed in some of the Windy City's toughest neighborhoods declined substantially with the advent of the CeaseFire violence reduction program. A rigorous evaluation of the program, sponsored by the National Institute of Justice, confirmed anecdotal evidence that had already led officials in other cities to adopt Chicago's CeaseFire model. Researchers found that CeaseFire had a significant positive impact on many of the neighborhoods in which the program was implemented, including a decline of 16 to 28 percent in the number of shootings in four of the seven sites studied. 'Overall, the program areas grew notice-ably safer in six of the seven sites, and we concluded that there was evidence that decreases in the size and intensity of shooting hot spots were linked to the introduction of CeaseFire in four of those areas. In two other areas shooting hot spots waned, but evidence that this decline could be linked to CeaseFire was inconclusive,' the researchers reported. […] CeaseFire uses various tools to target this violence: 1.) Community mobilization. 2.) A major public education campaign. 3.) Services, such as GED programs, anger-management counseling, drug or alcohol treatment, and help finding child care or looking for a job, that can improve the lives of at-risk youth, including gang members. In their evaluation, the researchers detail the program's approaches to building collaborations in the CeaseFire sites."

Public Domain
Retrieved From:
National Institute of Justice: http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij/
Media Type:
NIJ Journal (November 2009) no.264
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