This report "identifies and analyzes issues and trends associated with state juvenile justice reform initiatives that took place between 1994 and 1996; issues examined include juvenile violence, street gangs, delinquency prevention, boot camps, and juvenile transfer. [...] [This report] is designed to provide timely information to policymakers on the mechanisms that States are using to respond to increased youth violence and delinquency. The report is broken down into four chapters that discuss in detail the juvenile crime and delinquency problem and highlight State responses to that challenge. Chapter I provides an overview of the incidence of youth crime in the Nation, discusses trends in violent juvenile crimes, considers how and why youth crimes are being committed, and gives a prognosis for the future. [...] Chapter II highlights major issues and trends associated with recent State responses to youth crime in this country. This chapter addresses the following policy initiatives: crime prevention; curfews; parental responsibility; gang activities, including drug trafficking; graduated sanctions; juvenile boot camps; youth and guns; juvenile records; juvenile waivers; and expanded sentencing authority. Chapter III discusses in depth the reform initiatives in four States--Colorado, Connecticut, Ohio, and Oregon. [...] Finally, chapter IV summarizes in general terms the juvenile justice reform trends that have been taking place around the country and includes observations and recommendations based on the experiences of States undertaking both single-issue and comprehensive juvenile justice reform."
National Criminal Justice Reference Service: http://www.ncjrs.gov/