"Serious and violent juvenile offenders have precipitated unprecedented change in the juvenile justice system. In 1996, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention [OJJDP] published State Responses to Serious and Violent Juvenile Crime. The Report summarized changes in jurisdictional authority, sentencing, corrections programming, confidentiality of records and court hearings, and victim involvement in juvenile proceedings, undertaken by States from 1992 through 1995. Initially, these changes focused on the small percentage of serious and violent juvenile offenders. In recent years, however, States have revised policies and procedures that impact the juvenile justice system as a whole and the full range of offenders. During the past 2 years, additional States have passed reforms and their forerunners have refined past reforms in light of their experiences. State Legislative Responses to Violent Juvenile Crime: 1996-97 Update summarizes those changes."
National Criminal Justice Reference Service: http://www.ncjrs.gov/