"'Youth Gang Programs and Strategies' draws on more than a half-century of gang program evaluations to summarize what we have learned about: Prevention programs (including early childhood, school-based, and afterschool initiatives); Intervention programs (including those that work to create violence-free zones, establish gang summits and truces, and rehabilitate gang members in juvenile detention and correctional facilities); Suppression programs (including those focused on prosecution, police response, and geomapping and other tracking systems); Strategies using multiple techniques (such as community policing); Multiagency initiatives (including local, State, and Federal efforts); Comprehensive approaches to gang problems (such as the Comprehensive Community-Wide Approach to Gang Prevention, Intervention, and Suppression); [and] Legislation (at the local, State, and Federal levels). This Summary also describes an OJJDP [Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention]-sponsored nationwide assessment of youth gang prevention, intervention, and suppression programs; debunks prevalent stereotypes surrounding youth gang members; and provides research-based recommendations for enhancing the effectiveness of youth gang programs and strategies. [...] This Summary outlines programs and strategies that have been and are being used to break the lure and appeal of gangs and reduce gang crime and violence. Evaluations and national assessments of some of these programs are discussed, and an overview of what practitioners and administrators need to know before designing and implementing any gang program or strategy is provided.''
National Criminal Justice Reference Service: http://www.ncjrs.gov/