"This monograph presents a problem-solving model that is applied to gang problems. This model is often referred to as SARA, an acronym for the four steps involved in the process--scanning, analysis, response, and assessment. Communities first initiate the problem-solving process by searching for and identifying gang problems--scanning. The second step of the problem-solving process--analysis--involves investigating the specific gang problem in greater detail. In general, analysis helps a community understand the nature of its gang problem--how it is manifested, who is harmed and how, and when the problems occur. Having identified their gang problems and thoroughly analyzed them, communities can proceed to the third step and develop their local response. The final step of the problem-solving process is an assessment of the effectiveness of the response. It can also be used to change the response, improve the analysis, or even redefine the problem."
National Criminal Justice Reference Service: http://www.ncjrs.gov/