S. Hrg. 107-309: Weak Links: Assessing the Vulnerability of U.S. Ports and Whether the Government is Adequately Structured to Safeguard Them: Hearing before the Committee on Governmental Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session, December 6, 2001 [open pdf - 18MB]
From the opening statement of Joseph I. Lieberman: "This is one of a continuing series of hearings that this Governmental Affairs Committee has held since the terrorist attacks of September 11 which have examined the Federal Government's ability to prevent, prepare for, and respond in the event of future terrorist attacks. The Committee has taken a hard look at whether the Federal Government is appropriately structured to meet those challenges. Specifically, we have held hearings on our aviation and postal systems, on cyberspace, and more broadly, on the safety of our critical infrastructure and how we should organize for homeland security. Today, we direct our attention to the security of the Nation's 400- plus ports through which 95 percent of all U.S. trade flows. The picture, unfortunately, is not a reassuring one. U.S. ports are our Nation's key transportation link for global trade and yet there are no Federal standards for port security and no single Federal agency overseeing the 11.6 million shipping containers, the 11.5 million trucks, 2.2 million rail cars, 211,000 vessels, and 489 million people that passed through U.S. border inspections last year." Statements, letters, and material submitted for the record include those of the following: Joseph I. Lieberman, Carl Levin, Susan M. Collins, Max Cleland, Robert F. Bennett, Fred Thompson, Ernest F. Hollings, F. Amanda DeBusk, Rob Quartel, Richard M. Larrabee, Charles C. Cook, Argent Acosta, Michael D. Laden, and W. Gordon Fink.
S. Hrg. 107-309; Senate Hearing 107-309