Implications for Earthquake Risk Reduction in the United States from the Kocaeli, Turkey, Earthquake of August 17, 1999 [open pdf - 6MB]
"The moment magnitude (MW) 7.4 Kocaeli, Turkey, earthquake struck the Kocaeli province of northwestern Turkey on Tuesday, August 17, 1999, at 3:02 a.m. local time. The cause of the earthquake was the sudden breakage, or rupture, of the Earth's crust along a western branch of the 1,500-km-long North Anatolian fault system. [...] Immediately following the earthquake, the USGS [United States Geological Survey] was invited by the Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute of Bogazici University in Istanbul, Turkey, to assist in its post-earthquake investigations. Teaming up with representatives from the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the reconnaissance teams documented the following implications for earthquake risk reduction in the United States": (1) "Large-Scale human disaster"; (2) "Building collapse hazard"; (3) "Earthquake monitoring systems"; (4) "Earthquake forecasting"; and (5) "Permanent ground deformation hazards."
U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1193
United States Geological Survey: http://www.usgs.gov/