ABSTRACT

Our First Line of Defense: ('Presidential Reflections on US Intelligence')   [open pdf - 2MB]

This document presents an overview of presidential reflections on United States Intelligence beginning with George Washington and continuing through William J. Clinton. Selected Presidential statements dealing with US intelligence activities have been extracted for presentation in this pamphlet. Although the statements of George Washington were written while he was the commanding general during the American Revolution, they are significant enough to warrant inclusion here. Major wars marked the terms of both Presidents Lincoln and Wilson, but neither appears to have addressed intelligence. President Wilson limited his comments to the presence of German spies in the United States.

Publisher:
Date:
2003
Copyright:
Public Domain
Format:
pdf
Media Type:
application/pdf
URL:
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