Sharing Secrets With Lawmakers: Congress as a User of Intelligence: An Intelligence Monograph [open pdf - 406KB]
Part I of this study describes in general terms how intelligence-sharing with Congress has developed since 1947. It does not try to analyze every significant interaction during this period, but rather seeks to identify the features that have characterized the relationship over time and to examine key milestones. It is not intended as an analysis of how Congress performed oversight of intelligence activities (including covert actions) during this period, although, as a practical matter, Congress's access to substantive intelligence has to a large degree been a function of its attitude toward oversight. Part II contrasts Congress as a user of intelligence with consumers in the executive branch. Part III describes how intelligence-sharing with Congress is carried out today. Part IV assesses the effects of intelligence-sharing on the work of the legislative and executive branches--including the work of the Intelligence Community itself. Part V discusses difficulties in the relationship for the Intelligence Community, for the rest of the executive branch, and for Congress itself. Part VI contains the author's conclusions and recommendations as to how the relationship between the Intelligence Community and Congress might be made less contentious and more predictable and, at the same time; better satisfy the needs of both branches.