CARVER + Shock: Enhancing Food Defense   [open pdf - 526KB]

"Food safety concerns used to focus solely on accidental con¬tamination. But in recent years, there has been concern that terror¬ists could intentionally introduce biological, chemical, or radiological agents into the U.S. food supply. A risk-assessment tool called CARVER [Criticality Accessibility Recuperability Vulnerability Effect Recognizability] + Shock helps food processors protect their products from deliberate con¬tamination. A computerized version of the tool will be available on the FDA's Web site in mid-2007. CARVER was originally developed by the U.S. military to identify areas that may be vulnerable to an attacker. FDA and the U.S. Department of Agriculture adapted it for the food and agriculture sector. 'This approach allows food companies to analyze and identify critical areas that are the most likely targets of an attack,' says Donald Kautter, Jr., Acting Supervisor of the Food Defense Oversight Team in FDA's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. FDA and other agencies have used the method to evaluate potential vulnerabilities in the supply chains of different foods and food processes."

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United States. Food and Drug Administration: http://www.fda.gov/
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