"Since 1995, trade between Canada and the United States has doubled in inflation-adjusted dollars, growing more quickly than the overall economy. Truck traffic has grown dramatically, with 6.9 million trucks crossing from Canada into the United States in 2004, up from 5.1 million in 1995. Nearly two-thirds of the value of goods traded across the border are transported by truck. Numerous government agencies operate at or near U.S.-Canada border crossings. In the post September 11 border environment, both the United States and Canada are implementing new processes, procedures, and technologies to enhance security and improve the efficiency of goods movement. Lack of coordination among these various agencies could result in the deployment of technology that is not interoperable, is redundant, and could impede efficient operations. The Transportation Border Working Group, a binational group that works to enhance coordination and planning between the United States and Canada, identified collaboration on the implementation of border technology as one of its key priorities. To advance this priority, the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and Transport Canada, in partnership with state and provincial transportation organizations, regional planning organizations, and other federal agencies, initiated the development of a Border Information Flow Architecture (BIFA)."
National Transportation Library: http://ntl.bts.gov/