Federal Aviation Administration Advisory Circular: Aviation Safety Action Program (ASAP) [open pdf - 495KB]
"This Advisory Circular (AC) provides guidance for establishing an air transportation Aviation Safety Action Program (ASAP). The objective of the ASAP is to encourage air carrier and repair station employees to voluntarily report safety information that may be critical to identifying potential precursors to accidents. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has determined that identifying these precursors is essential to further reducing the already low accident rate. Under an ASAP, safety issues are resolved through corrective action rather than through punishment or discipline. The ASAP provides for the collection, analysis, and retention of the safety data that is obtained. ASAP safety data, much of which would otherwise be unobtainable, is used to develop corrective actions for identified safety concerns, and to educate the appropriate parties to prevent a reoccurrence of the same type of safety event. An ASAP is based on a safety partnership that will include the FAA and the certificate holder, and may include a third party, such as the employee's labor organization. To encourage an employee to voluntarily report safety issues, even though they may involve the employee's possible noncompliance with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR), enforcement-related incentives have been designed into the program."
Federal Aviation Administration Advisory Circular (AC) No. 120-66B
Federal Aviation Administration: http://www.airweb.faa.gov/