The Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) concept was developed and implemented by the City of Los Angeles Fire Department (LAFD) in 1985. The training program LAFD initiated proved to be so beneficial that the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) felt the concept and the program should be made available to communities nationwide. The Emergency Management Institute (EMI) and LAFD have expanded the CERT materials to make them applicable to all hazards. The goal of training is to prepare people to help people. Training covers basic skills that will be important if emergency services are unavailable.