"While this document provides broad-based Pandemic Influenza Guidelines for consideration by State and local emergency medical services agencies, the specifics of pandemic influenza preparation and response are unique to the configuration and resources of each State EMS [emergency medical services ] system and local EMS agency. The EMS Pandemic Influenza Planning Assumptions provide the basic underpinnings of the recommended guidelines. Each of the guidelines is presented in this section; the remainder of the document provides detailed information about each guideline including the rationale, considerations and pertinent background material. Coordination among the 9-1-1 Public Safety Answering Point, the Emergency Medical Services System and the Public Health System is of paramount importance. The Sample Call Flow for Standard EMD Calls vs. Pandemic Flu Calls (Figure 1) illustrates a sample call flow decision to be made in a period of pandemic influenza vs. an agency's regular day-to-day operation; coordination between EMS and 9-1-1 is essential to system operation. The Sample Pandemic Influenza EMS Dispatch Protocol (Figure 2) shows examples of modified EMS and 9-1-1 system response plans based on the CDC's Pandemic Severity Index - again demonstrating the need for close coordination between 9-1-1 and EMS. The Sample Pandemic Influenza EMS Operating Protocol (Figure 3) demonstrates the potential need for EMS protocol modifications, and also utilizes the Pandemic Severity Index for planning. Each of these is a sample only and is intended to demonstrate the need for systems coordination and the difference in 'conceptual thinking' necessitated by a potential influenza pandemic."
National Highway Traffic Saftey Administration: http://www.nhtsa.gov/