Patterns of International Terrorism: 1980   [open pdf - 914KB]

This document is an appendix to S. 873: A Bill to Strengthen Federal Programs and Policies for Combating International and Domestic Terrorism; the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (Exec. H, 96-2); the International Convention against the Taking of Hostages (Exec. N, 96-2), Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Congress, Ninety Seventh Congress, First Session, June 10, 1981. "International terrorism resulted in more casualties in 1980 than in any year since the analysis of statistics related to terrorism began in 1968. The total number of events last year was also high-second only to 1978. Established patterns of striking at targets in industrialized democracies and attacking symbols of Western power continued into 1980. Americans remained the primary targets of international terrorism, with nearly two out of every five incidents involving US citizens or property. Terrorist events aimed at causing casualties, especially assassinations, increased over previous years. Over 30 percent of the attacks in 1980 resulted in at least one casualty. Last year marked the first year that a large number of deadly terrorist attacks were carried out by national governments. The Libyan Government's assassination campaign against dissidents living in Europe and the exchange of terrorist attacks on diplomats in the Middle East were the most noteworthy examples of government-sponsored terrorism. There was a sharp increase in right-wing terrorist activity in Europe. The attacks at the Munich Oktoberfest and at the railroad station in Bologna, Italy, rank among the worst terrorist incidents ever recorded."

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