"Bioremediation is a treatment technology that utilizes biodegradation to reduce the concentration and/or toxicity of chemical substances such as petroleum products and other hydrocarbons. Because microbes capable of degrading hydrocarbons are commonly found in nature, most untreated hydrocarbon spills eventually are removed from the environment by microbial degradation and other processes. Enhanced bioremediation, however, seeks to accelerate natural biodegradation processes by applying specially chosen nutrients and/or microbes to spilled substances. Although microbes have been used extensively and successfully for many years to treat wastes and wastewater in controlled facilities, their potential as a tool for responding to spills of oil and hazardous substances in uncontrolled environments has only more recently received significant interest. (For additional information on bioremediation, refer to Appendix G.) This document presents a plan for considering and implementing bioremediation, through either natural attenuation or nutrient/microbe enhancement, as a supplemental response tool for spills in US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 4. It was developed through the coordinated efforts of EPA's Subcommittee on National Bioremediation Spill Response and the members of the Region 4 Regional Response Team (RRT), using EPA's Interim Guidelines for Preparing Bioremediation Spill Response Plans."
USCG Sector Mobile Digital Area Contingency Plan: http://ocean.floridamarine.org/acp/mobacp/