"Significant oil spills involve numerous agencies and hundreds, possibly thousands, of people conducting and supporting cleanup efforts. To promote effective and quick coordination during oil spill responses, the Coast Guard and the Environmental Protection Agency use a management system called the Incident Command System (ICS), a part of the National Interagency Incident Management System (NIIMS). ICS provides a comprehensive framework for managing emergency and non-emergency events. Originally created to coordinate fire fighting efforts at forest fires, it has been expanded to an all-hazard, all-risk management system. Many applications exist for ICS because of its flexibility, including: 1. Oil spill response 2. Fires, hazardous material, and multi-casualty incidents 3. Multi-jurisdictional and multi-agency disasters 4. Wide area search and rescue 5. Transportation incidents Because NIIMS ICS is a public-domain system, training and implementation costs are minimized. Many agencies and companies involved in emergency response have adopted ICS, resulting in improved coordination of response efforts."
USCG Sector Mobile Digital Area Contingency Plan: http://ocean.floridamarine.org/acp/mobacp/