"The Oil Spill Removal Organization (OSRO) classification process was developed to facilitate the preparation and review of Vessel and Facility Response Plans (VRPs & FRPs). Section 4202 of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA 90) amended the Clean Water Act (CWA) to require the preparation and submission of response plans for all vessels defined as .tank vessels. under Title 46 of U.S. Code, Part 2101 and for certain oil-handling facilities. An owner or operator who is required to submit a response plan must, among other things, identify and ensure by contract, or other approved means, the availability of private personnel and equipment necessary to remove, to the maximum extent practicable, a worst case discharge (including a discharge resulting from fire or explosion), and to mitigate or prevent a substantial threat of such a discharge. The magnitude of the investment in specialized oil recovery equipment, temporary storage capacity, transporting oil for disposal, and in training sufficient numbers of personnel to remove such a discharge, in all foreseeable locations and operating environments, is unprecedented for marine environmental response preparation. The system for assembling, mobilizing, and controlling these resources is extremely complex. To meet the statutory requirements, each response plan must identify the means for accomplishing these tasks."
USCG Sector Mobile Digital Area Contingency Plan: http://ocean.floridamarine.org/acp/mobacp/