"Agriculture's share of total economic activity - as measured by gross domestic product (GDP) - is significant in seven countries located in Central and South Asia: Afghanistan, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Its share ranges from about one fifth in Tajikistan to more than one half in Afghanistan. [...] Agricultural workers account for almost one-third of all employment in Iran; in Afghanistan, farmers and related workers represent more than two-thirds of the labor force. [...] All seven countries are net food importers, meaning they do not produce enough to cover all their food needs. Even with food purchases, the World Bank considers a portion of each country's population to be malnourished due to poverty. [...] Largely for these reasons, the United Nation's (UN) World Food Program reports that Afghanistan and Tajikistan are in need of emergency food assistance over the next year to cover sizable food deficits."
CRS Report for Congress, RL31190